Complete Guide to Cost-Plus Pricing

Patrick Campbell Jan 29 2020

The cost-plus pricing model is a tried-and-true strategy for many industries—primarily due to how easy it is to implement. But when you’re running a SaaS or subscription business, the model breaks down quickly.

That’s because the subscription model is based on monetizing your relationship with the customer, a strategy built on the value your service provides. Because the cost-plus model bases your pricing strategy on your operational costs alone, it doesn’t take into account how much value you provide to customers.

Most subscriptions also don’t have the hard costs associated with manufacturing a product. Instead, SaaS and subscription companies focus on the recurring revenue their customers generate. Most of your customers aren’t going to care about the costs involved in providing your service; as a result, there’s no motivation for them to value your product.

In today’s article, we’ll take a look at how the cost-plus pricing model works so you can understand how it is used for specific types of businesses.



What is cost-plus pricing?

The cost-plus model is one of the easiest pricing strategies to use. It bases your pricing calculations on just two things:

    1. Your cost of production
    2. Your desired profit margin

All you do is take the costs that go into building your product or providing a service to your customers and add a percentage on top for your profit margin. Every unit sold then provides the same revenue to cover your costs and your profit margin.


How cost-plus pricing works

The name says it all. To use the cost-plus pricing strategy, take your total costs (labor costs, manufacturing, shipping, etc.), and add the profit percentage to create a single unit price.

cost plus equation
Let’s say you run an ecommerce store that sells candles. It costs you $10 to make every candle, including materials and labor. To sustain your business, you need to make at least a 50% profit margin on every candle sold, based on the time required to produce all the ingredients, create the candle, list it on your website, and ship it out. This makes your cost-plus calculation look like this:

cost plus calculation
Simple, right? By selling each candle for $15, you can cover the cost to make it as well as your desired profit. That’s what makes this pricing model so appealing—it’s one of the easiest ways to determine a per-unit price for your product or service


Two examples of cost-plus pricing

There are a number of different industries that utilize cost-plus pricing effectively. Typically, this model works best when there are defined costs involved in production or when the product itself is utilitarian in nature. Here are two industries that traditionally rely on the cost-plus pricing model.



Manufacturing companies thrive on cost-plus pricing. Because the products they create have relatively predictable fixed costs (such as labor, machine maintenance, raw materials), it’s easy to assign a profit margin percentage on top that sustains the business.

In most of these business arrangements, companies sell manufacturing products in bulk to existing customers with a contract. That makes it even easier to build a predictable revenue stream over time without requiring a price increase or decrease.


Grocery Stores

Think about the last time you went to the supermarket. Whether you were buying apples, cereal, or milk, you probably had a good idea of how much each would cost. That’s because grocery stores rely on the cost-plus pricing model as well. A Honey Crisp apple will be more expensive than a Red Delicious because the Honey Crisp was more expensive to buy.

Grocery stores also buy products in bulk, so it’s likely that they rely on a procurement company that follows the same model as our manufacturing example.


Pros and cons of cost-plus pricing

While it might be attractive to start out with a simple and easy-to-use model, doing so can hurt your company over time if it isn’t a good fit for your unique needs. It’s important to understand the benefits of this model, as well as the potential pitfalls before moving forward.

cost plus pros and cons



Pros of cost-plus pricing

There are a number of benefits to the cost-plus pricing model if you’re working in the right market:

    • Fast implementation for just about any product
    • Easy to calculate
    • Predictable profit that always covers production costs
    • Customers understand the justification for your selling price

Cons of cost-plus pricing

The simplicity of cost-plus pricing leads to a number of issues for SaaS and subscription businesses:

    • Makes it too easy to disengage from your price after it’s been set
    • Lacks connection with the value your product provides to customers
    • Offers no incentive to maximize profits through expansion revenue or adjustments
    • Makes it difficult to change price when necessary


Does cost-plus pricing maximize your profits

For subscription companies, the simple answer is no. When you rely on a predictable profit margin, there’s no incentive to adjust your pricing to match customer expectations or changes in market conditions, which is one of the disadvantages of cost-plus pricing. That can lead to a stagnant price that isn’t aligned to your product’s value or better offers from competitors.

The cost-plus model works better when you’re selling physical products or working in an industry where value isn’t derived from ongoing relationships with your customers.

At ProfitWell, we recommend value-based pricing based off of value metrics. You can still factor in any hard costs associated with running your business, like cloud storage or other infrastructure costs, as well. Choosing this model ensures that your prices will remain aligned with the value you provide to potential customers.


Find the pricing model that works for you

When you’re looking for the right model for your business, cost-plus pricing can help you understand how much you need to make to gain a profit. From there, it’s important to understand the value of your product or service in order to maximize the potential revenue and connect with customers’ willingness to pay.

Our Price Intelligently tool is tailor-made to help you build a better subscription pricing model. Chat with one of our pricing experts today to find out how we can help you grow your business.


By Patrick Campbell

Founder & CEO of ProfitWell, the software for helping subscription companies with their monetization and retention strategies, as well as providing free turnkey subscription financial metrics for over 20,000 companies. Prior to ProfitWell Patrick led Strategic Initiatives for Boston-based Gemvara and was an Economist at Google and the US Intelligence community.

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